Nutritional botulism: causes and symptoms
Botulism is a serious toxic and infectious disease, which, it would seem, remained in the distant nineties, when we ourselves made stewed meat or received canned goods overdue on cards…

Continue reading →

Obesity in a child: causes, symptoms, treatment
Whether your child is obese or overweight is visually difficult to figure out. If the problem is already visible to the eye, then this indicates a significant increase in body…

Continue reading →

Uterine fibroids, symptoms, treatment and pregnancy with a benign tumor
Myoma is a benign tumor in the muscle or connective tissue of the uterus that occurs in every fifth woman after 30 years. What triggers the development of fibroids, what…

Continue reading →

liquid in them can

Scientists have explained how an additional component can triple the effect of a vaccine

With an increase in population and an increase in the level of migration of the world’s population, the risk of major epidemics also increases. To prevent them, scientists around the world are working on ways to create highly effective vaccines that will simultaneously be more accessible for immunization. One way to achieve this is by adding an adjuvant to the vaccine. This is the name of a substance that enhances the immune response to an introduced antigen, that is, an “enemy” molecule against which the immune system will produce antibodies. Using this component, you can reduce the amount of the main active substance of the vaccine. Bacteriologists Alexander Yersen (the plague stick was named after him) and Emil Roux discovered this effect at the end of the 19th century. Continue reading

Russian scientists have revealed the work of evolutionarily new genes in tumors

A tumor is a pathological process, which is a newly formed tissue in which, due to genetic changes, cellular regulation and, accordingly, functionality are disturbed. Tumors are divided into benign and malignant. Benign grows slowly, does not metastasize, it can be removed without problems. A malignant neoplasm, or cancer, is one of the leading causes of death in the world.

Scientists have discovered that different classes of human genes have different evolutionary ages. Evolutionarily new genes that are particularly active in tumor cells can be used as a marker for cancer. This can serve as a serious impetus for the development of cancer diagnostics. Continue reading

Everything is in the smoke: about the “war” around vaping

With the gradual tightening of anti-tobacco legislation in most developed countries, smokers and tobacco companies are increasingly reorienting themselves to electronic means of nicotine delivery and tobacco heating. Indicator.Ru figured out what disputes surround the new technology, what health effects its use may have, and how electronic cigarettes are still better than usual.
Since the first electronic cigarettes appeared on sale in China in 2004, their share in the market of smoking products has been increasing quite rapidly from year to year. According to data for 2018, more than 40 million people are regular users of such devices. Moreover, if the number of smokers on the planet began to decline gradually (now there are just over a billion), the number of vapers continues to grow. The largest markets for electronic cigarettes today in the United States and Great Britain, followed by Germany, France and China, and the total global market is estimated at an impressive $ 20 billion. Continue reading

Gymnastics and exercise from eye fatigue: effective exercises
To relax your eyes, you need to train them, and gymnastics and eye exercises will help you best. One way or another, our whole life is tightly connected with the…

...

Vitamin rating for children
In the autumn-winter period, a rating of vitamins necessary for children is especially useful. At these times of the year there is a shortage of useful elements derived from food.…

...

The rate of ESR in the blood of a child. Reasons for low and high ESR
When diagnosing diseases, doctors check the rate of ESR in the blood of a child. Not many people know what ESR is and how this indicator reflects the state of…

...

Blood test for vitamin D. Table with the norms of indicators in women
Have you ever heard recommendations from a doctor to get tested for vitamin D? After all, its effect on the body is difficult to overestimate. Almost every person takes a…

...