Thyroid hormones and which tests to take
In this article we will talk about thyroid hormones. I am often approached with problems: “I have very dry skin”, “Why can my hair roll like this?”, “Why are there often constipations?” To solve these complex problems, we are looking for the root cause of the phenomena. The question arises, are there any thyroid dysfunctions and is everything all right with hormones? It is the thyroid gland that regulates the metabolic processes in the body. An accurate diagnosis, in this case, is impossible without the results of analyzes. Therefore, the specialist will not be able to develop a treatment regimen. Only passing the tests will get rid of the problem that bothers you.
Thyroid hormone tests
There is a basic list of thyroid hormone tests.
TSH (TSH, thyroid stimulating hormone). It is produced in the pituitary and pineal gland. Its function is to influence the cells of the thyroid gland so that they capture iodine and synthesize hormones. TSH affects the pituitary gland, suppressing its function, in case T3 and T4 are at a high level.
T4 free (active form of the hormone). Regulates metabolic processes, while inferior in T3 activity.
T3 free (active form of the hormone). He can be called the “conductor” of metabolic processes in the body.
Antibodies to TPO (antibodies to thyroperoxidase). An aggressive immune response to an enzyme that allows thyroid cells to synthesize the hormones T4 and T3. If this enzyme is damaged, then hormone production is reduced.
Antibodies to TG (antibodies to thyroglobulin). An aggressive reaction of the immune system to a protein that is a precursor to thyroid hormones. Normally, this protein with iodine is in the colloid tissue of the thyroid gland. In order for this gland to form active hormones, the interaction of TG with the TPO enzyme is necessary. Due to this, prohormones T1 and T2 are formed, which are converted to T4 and T3.
Ultrasound of the thyroid gland. A method for diagnosing the size, structure and formation of the thyroid gland. They are used for the indirect determination of AIT, iodine deficiency, neoplasms, etc.
Functional questionnaires – allow you to identify indirect symptoms of hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism, a possible nutrient-deficient state.
It can be difficult to identify a problem, even with these results. The specialist may prescribe additional tests for thyroid hormones. In general, they allow you to see a detailed picture of the state of thyroid function.
All of the following components affect or participate in the thyroid gland. For example, iodine is its main component of hormones, and copper contributes to the formation of its follicles. The list of additional tests includes blood donation for:
iron and ferritin,
zinc (blood serum),
copper (blood serum). (Additionally pay attention to the zinc / copper index)
antibodies to rTTG (antibodies to TSH receptors). It is given only if there are signs and tests of hyperthyroidism, but there are no elevated antibodies to TPO and to TG. In the case when the antibodies are elevated, then maybe it’s Graves’s disease,
on thyroglobulin – used in oncoendocrinology as a tumor marker.
Norms of thyroid hormones
You can save the table below, with indicators of the norm of thyroid hormones in women. For each analysis you will find a column with acceptable standards and functional.
We begin treatment of the thyroid gland with 3 fundamental aspects.
Lifestyle Modification. This includes the optimization of nutrition, maintaining the daily rate of fluid, sleep patterns. The physical activity, reproductive behavior and intake of nutraceuticals that are prescribed by a specialist are important.
Learning to deal with stress. Perform anti-stress discharge, engage in meditation, if necessary, take stress protectors. We gradually form stress resistance.
We draw attention to the genetic characteristics of the body by nutrients, especially detoxification, susceptibility to disease.
Common clinical imbalances that cause thyroid disease. There are treatment methods that affect the root cause of the disease.