Obesity in a child: causes, symptoms, treatment
Whether your child is obese or overweight is visually difficult to figure out. If the problem is already visible to the eye, then this indicates a significant increase in body weight. As a rule, the initial stages are difficult to notice. You can find out exactly whether the child has obesity or excess weight according to the WHO table. It is recommended to carry out system weighings to see the dynamics of weight gain. So, you will notice negative changes in time and you can begin treatment.
In the modern world, the problem of obesity and overweight among children is widespread. WHO calls for special attention to this topic, because such children are especially vulnerable. They have a high risk of developing heart disease, diabetes and infectious diseases. It is difficult for them to lead a full life. It is the parents who must take the first step to help the child. The initial stage is considered overweight. It progresses to obesity, which is divided into 4 degrees.
The norm of weight in children is calculated by the formula. It takes into account the age, gender, height of the child. After calculations, you can find out for sure there are deviations from the norm. Moms and dads need to stick to the measurements on this table. You can not assess the weight and development of the child, comparing it with peers. Each child is individual. Much depends on lifestyle, nutrition, genetics. Therefore, it is wrong to focus “on the eye.”
It is more difficult to assess the weight of the child if his height differs from the data in the table. For any deviations from the indicators, contact a specialist.
Obesity in a child: causes
To get rid of obesity in a child, you need to find out the causes that led to the problem. Sometimes they are obvious: a sedentary lifestyle, poor nutrition, stress. In other cases, the help of specialists is required. The cause of obesity in a child may be a hormonal disorder or malfunction of the internal organs. In this case, it is useless to treat a strict diet or force to play sports. This can only aggravate the situation. Contact a specialist and find out which tests will be required. Based on the results, treatment will be prescribed.
The following are the reasons that provoke overweight or obesity in children.
The prevalence in the menu of high-calorie foods, fats, sugars, fast carbohydrates;
diseases of internal organs that lead to dysfunction of the body system;
stress, emotional distress;
lack of sleep;
Today, children move less and do not show interest in active types of games. Most of the entertainment is presented in sedentary forms. Previously, the child had to go to the library to find the right material. Now he sits down at the computer. The game of catch-up is more interesting not on the street, but on the phone. WHO compares obesity with the epidemic in modern children. As a separate reason, an adverse environmental situation is distinguished. Often, excess body weight is observed in children who also have problems with excess weight in the family.
The World Health Organization estimates that in 2016, almost 41 million children under 5 years old are overweight or obese. This problem faced 340 million children aged 5 to 19 years. In Russia in 2017, the number of children with an ailment amounted to 1258 thousand.
The consequences of overweight in a child
Overweight and obesity are not delayed in treatment. Children with such a diagnosis become a target for bullying. Gradually, this leads to a decrease in self-esteem, complexes, isolation from society. The problem is especially acute in adolescence. In most cases, children cannot help themselves. It all depends on the parents. Besides the fact that the child will be teased by peers, there are much more serious reasons for taking treatment.
What excess weight and obesity lead to:
Diseases of the musculoskeletal system, diseases of the joints;
disorders of the cardiovascular system;
fatty liver disease;
the development of diabetes.
The bones are overloaded. To understand what tension the spine is experiencing, imagine a child. He wears a bag every day with a weight equal to his overabundance. For example, in a 6-year-old child, body weight exceeds the norm of 4 kg. The baby, without taking off every day, carries an extra 4 kg. If you do not make a decision, then it is likely that the child will become disabled.