Many pregnant women, instead of enjoying their excellent position, concentrate on diseases, sometimes extremely rare, like toxoplasmosis. In order to alleviate unnecessary anxiety and arm yourself with valuable recommendations for the prevention of toxoplasmosis, we will talk about this infection, its specifics during pregnancy, as well as discuss tests and treatment.
Toxoplasmosis during pregnancy
Toxoplasmosis is a parasitic (non-viral and non-bacterial) disease that causes the multicellular parasite Toxoplasma gonii. An extremely unpleasant infection to carry during pregnancy. The parasite lives and multiplies in the cat family, and other mammals, including humans, can be an intermediate host.
Toxoplasmosis is common in warm countries (South America, Asia), so for Russia it is considered a “forgotten” disease. However, 20% of the population of our country have the presence of antibodies-immunoglobulins in the blood, which indicates contact with this parasite in the past. Continue reading
Employees of the Faculty of Fundamental Medicine of Moscow State University named after MV Lomonosov investigated the effect of genotoxic stress on the stability of the genome, as well as various methods of eliminating defective cells. This condition occurs due to a variety of DNA damage and can lead to cell death. This work was supported by the Russian Science Foundation, and the article was published in the prestigious scientific journal Oncogene. Research will help improve cancer treatments.
Ensuring the stability of the genome is necessary for the normal functioning of the cell. Errors in the replication (doubling) of DNA, as well as a variety of external factors: ultraviolet radiation, chemicals, etc., can violate this stability. The very structure of the hereditary material changes in this case – this is called genotoxic stress. It is fraught with the development of cancer and other dangerous diseases. Continue reading
A tumor is a pathological process, which is a newly formed tissue in which, due to genetic changes, cellular regulation and, accordingly, functionality are disturbed. Tumors are divided into benign and malignant. Benign grows slowly, does not metastasize, it can be removed without problems. A malignant neoplasm, or cancer, is one of the leading causes of death in the world.
Scientists have discovered that different classes of human genes have different evolutionary ages. Evolutionarily new genes that are particularly active in tumor cells can be used as a marker for cancer. This can serve as a serious impetus for the development of cancer diagnostics. Continue reading